Overall objective: bibliographic summary on carbon policy in general and in companies, as well as on the conditions for creating a local carbon market associating farmers in the Lac au Duc watershed and local companies.
- panorama of the various instruments of greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction policies: European carbon market, taxes, subsidies, voluntary approaches with a particular focus on carbon offsetting and the link with agriculture. In fact, not all companies can be integrated into the carbon market, which is why it was necessary to imagine other mechanisms to encourage them to reduce their GHG emissions.
- why and how it works in practice, especially for voluntary compensation. For this, Rino will review the different carbon prices that are mentioned in the literature - which are not always market prices - and explain to us what they correspond to. Rino will identify empirical experiences of negotiation between companies and farmers
- it will then look at the cost of reducing GHG emissions by companies and the level of reduction effort required of them, because these two parameters condition the "carbon price" used.
- finally, Rino will look at the extent to which these carbon incentives provide environmental co-benefits.
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